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Why the US Supreme Court Struck Down PASPA



Reading Time: 4 minutes

The United States Supreme Court has ordered to strike down the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA).

PASPA, penned in 1992 by New York Knicks hall of famer and former New Jersey Senator Bill Bradley, came into force on New Year’s Day 1993. It slapped a virtual ban on sports wagering across 46 states and limited three other states to sports lotteries. The only state that received an exemption from the sole blanket ban was Nevada. New Jersey was also got a one-year window to legalise sports betting, but could not do so.

However, the apex court struck down PASPA this week on the grounds that it violates a provision of the 10th Amendment, commonly known as the anti-commandeering doctrine.

The anti-commandeering doctrine provides that, if the Constitution does not specifically reserve a power to the federal government (in this case, legislating sports wagering) or directly strip that power away from the states, that power resides with the states. The provision is known as the anti-commandeering doctrine because it is understood to bar the federal government from “commandeering” the rights of the individual states to enforce federal law.

In this case, since PASPA does not specifically ban sports wagering, rather the ability of the states to pass laws of their own to legalise sports wagering, the Court held that PASPA violates the anti-commandeering doctrine and thus, the 10th Amendment.

This battle started in 2012 when New Jersey passed a law to legalise sports betting. Shortly thereafter, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and all four major American sports leagues (NFL, NBA, MLB and NHL) sued the state of New Jersey, claiming that the law violated PASPA. When the lower federal courts ruled in favor of the NCAA and the leagues, New Jersey retreated but returned in 2014 with a new law, specifically tailored to challenge PASPA but only at casinos and racetracks. Predictably, the NCAA and the leagues took New Jersey to court again and eventually prevailed in the United States Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit.

However, that ruling was overturned by the Supreme Court. Writing for the majority, Justice Samuel Alito opined, “It is as if federal officers were installed in state legislative chambers and were armed with the authority to stop legislators from voting on any offending proposals.” Alito continued, stating that “[a] more direct affront to state sovereignty is not easy to imagine.”

It is important to note that this ruling does not legalise sports betting nationally or in any state, including New Jersey. The strike-down of PASPA merely paves the way for each state to pass its own laws addressing sports gambling. The majority points out that it is still within the purview of the federal government to pass laws restricting sports gambling on a national scale, but that if it does not, it may not enact a law such as PASPA, which prohibited the states from passing sports wagering laws of their own; “Congress can regulate sports gambling directly,” writes Alio. “But if it elects not to do so, each State is free to act on its own.”

In addition to New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Mississippi have all passed bills legalising sports wagering and over 15 other states have introduced similar bills in the preceding months, in anticipation of today’s ruling.

While PASPA may seem, at first glance, an automatic ticket to the explosion of esports wagering in the United States, Will Green, Senior Director of Strategic Communications for the American Gambling Association is not so sure.

In an interview with The Washington Post, Green stated “I don’t think PASPA is the vehicle for the blossoming of esports.” Green points to the lack of esports-specific verbiage in pending state legislation and feels that “there has to be clarity [regarding esports being classified as a sport for betting purposes by regulators], and right now there are more questions than there are answers.”

Green’s point, while not determinative, is not without merit. While esports has gained a tremendous following and a great deal of mainstream acceptance in the US, it is still not what many would consider a mainstream sport. As such, it could be argued that esports was not envisioned by the legislators when the various state bills were written and might, therefore, have an uphill climb to fight for inclusion under those laws.

For his part, Seth Schorr, CEO of Las Vegas’s Downtown Grand Hotel and Casino, one of the first sportsbooks to accept bets on esports, appears to have a different outlook. Also speaking to The Post, Schorr referenced a memorandum of understanding between the Nevada Gaming Control Board and the esports Integrity Coalition in support of his opinion that esports will be defined as a sport for betting purposes. Schorr did qualify his statement, however, noting concerns around match-fixing and cheating, “You can’t bet on football; you can bet on the NFL,” Schorr told The Post. “I see Nevada looking at specific esports leagues and offerings [in order to assure the integrity of the matches on which bets are made].” Schorr continued, stating that while he believes the repeal of PASPA will ultimately have a “massive impact” on esports wagering, he cautions that the transformation might not happen as quickly as is expected for mainstream sports betting; “Everything takes time,” Schorr explained. “Each state is different. We are catching up with the rest of the world.”

Now that PASPA has been repealed, there is no telling how large the esports wagering market in the United States can grow or how long it will take to get there. As reported by both ESPN and Chris Grove, an estimated $5 billion was wagered illegally on Counter-Strike: Global Offensive Database-Link-e1521645463907 through skin betting alone in the United States in 2016. When we account for the massive growth of CS:GO, along with the popularity of other games, including League of Legends Database-Link-e1521645463907, Fortnite Database-Link-e1521645463907, and PUBG Database-Link-e1521645463907, as well as the recent launch of Activision Blizzard’s Overwatch League, it is clear that the esports wagering market in the United States has the potential to be substantial.

Meanwhile, the American Gambling Association estimates that roughly $150 billion is wagered illegally each year on sports in the U.S. How much of that number is poised to flow into esports may very well be determined by how broadly each state’s sports wagering legislation is perceived. Whatever happens in the near term, it seems clear that esports wagering is knocking on the United States’ door. The question now appears to be when that door will open.


Source: European Gaming Media and Events


Betsoft Gaming Partners with Casino Superlines



Betsoft Gaming Partners with Casino SuperlinesReading Time: 2 minutes

Following a new partnership agreement, Betsoft Gaming will provide a selection of slot games to growing brand Casino Superlines.

The agreement covers an extensive range of RNG titles that have been approved for key regulated markets – including many from the perennially popular Slots3TM series.

Launched in April 2017, Superlines is a brand of Equinox Dynamic; its sister casinos Nordicasino, Africasino, and Spintropolis are also Betsoft customers.  Built around a generous bonus structure and access to 24/7 multilingual support, Superlines has, in the space of just twelve months, emerged as a popular destination for players throughout Europe and in the Nordic countries.

With the promise of VIP support, the biggest names in slots, and a strong promotional calendar, Superlines has attracted an extremely loyal and varied audience in a very short time,” explained Miguel Micallef, Account Manager at Betsoft.  “To keep all kinds of players engaged, and to offer something new to everyone, every visit, Superlines now needs to acquire and promote a portfolio of high-quality games from industry-leading brands.  Betsoft are pleased to be able to offer the right mix of quality and variety to meet the needs of their discerning player base.

The partnership arrangement also provides a path for new Betsoft games to be quickly and easily integrated to the Superlines platform.  Key titles will be prominently advertised as part of the brand’s player acquisition strategy, as Chief Marketing Office Arik Weiss explained:

Casino Superlines is a successful new brand: it has achieved wide exposure and attracted a lot of loyal players since its launch.  Those players see the Betsoft logo as a seal of quality, so by promoting Betsoft games in premium positions, we will be able to attract more of them to the best new titles, as well ensuring that we deliver a top-class gaming experience at every turn.

About Betsoft Gaming:
Betsoft Gaming develops innovative casino games for desktop and mobile.  Its portfolio of more than 190 RNG titles reaches players through partnerships with many of the iGaming industry’s leading operators.  Under the SLOTS3TM banner, Betsoft is elevating players’ expectations; these cinematic, true-3D slots blend rapid, gratifying gameplay with an audio-visual excellence more typical of movies and videogames.

An early entrant to mobile gaming, Betsoft launched the ToGoTM collection in 2012.  More recently, Betsoft revealed the ShiftTM environment, which supports truly cross-platform development at the same time as increasing performance, drastically reducing file size and streamlining integration.

Casino Manager, Betsoft’s comprehensive back-office platform, rolls reporting, management, marketing, promotion, and administration into a single compelling package.
Betsoft is headquartered and licensed to operate in Malta, and holds an additional license in Curacao.  Contact or visit for general information and enquiries.


Source: Betsoft

Source: European Gaming Media and Events

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New Video Slot Red Rake Gaming: JUDGES RULE THE SHOW!



New Video Slot Red Rake Gaming: JUDGES RULE THE SHOWReading Time: 2 minutes

The Valencian gaming company Red Rake Gaming surprises everyone with the launch of a new video slot machine with 3D graphics


“Judges rule the Show!” is coming to Red Rake Gaming. 3,2,1…Let the show begin!
Very special judges take control in this fun and lively video slot with 5×3 reels based on the programs with the highest audiences of all time where music and talent take centre stage. ‘Let’s go!!!

A microphone, a statuette, “Seven” symbols that shine like diamonds and 4 spectacular judges with their 4 buzzers form an explosive cocktail of prizes in every spin. And as if that wasn´t enough, through its “Judges rule the Show!” mechanics, each of the judges surprises the player with an incredible animation in 3D that leads to the function “ Sticky Wilds Judge Respin ”, thus offering more and more prizes. OhYeahhh!

Once again we can see in this new video slot that the work of the team of developers, illustrators and animators at the company Red Rake Gaming has really paid close attention to each and every detail in order to reflect realism and perfection in each symbol and animation. The result is truly marvellous. This is quality work at the highest level that has been the hallmark of this young and outstanding Valencian company since the outset.


About Red Rake Gaming:
Red Rake Gaming is a premium casino games developer which supplies its games to social and real money operators. Red Rake current portfolio contains +60 slots and +10 videobingos of top graphical and sound quality with unique and well balanced mathematics. Its content is certified for the Spanish and Italian regulated markets and the company plans to expand to several other jurisdictions during 2018. Red Rake’s games and RNG have been audited by several prestigious independent testing houses and are featured by a number of licensed operators.
For further information on the company, please visit:

Source: European Gaming Media and Events

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LeoVegas concludes partnership with Frank Andersson



LeoVegas concludes partnership with Frank AnderssonReading Time: 1 minute

22, May, 2018 – LeoVegas has decided to conclude its partnership with brand ambassador Frank Andersson.

The partnership is being concluded in connection with the recent launch by LeoVegas of a new communication concept that is based on several brand ambassadors.

“We thank Frank for the years he has helped profile LeoVegas in Sweden. He has been a contributing factor behind LeoVegas’ strong growth in the Swedish market. LeoVegas has entered a new phase with several brands and greater breadth with more product categories. After a long and successful cooperation with Frank, it is now time to take the next step,” comments Gustaf Hagman, CEO of LeoVegas.

“I have concepts and ideas for developing my own games and want to focus more on this, so that will be the next step for me,” says Frank Andersson. “I had some great years with LeoVegas and want to thank LeoVegas for believing in me. We had a great time working together!”


About the LeoVegas mobile gaming group:

LeoVegas’ passion is “Leading the way into the mobile future”. LeoVegas is Sweden’s premier GameTech company and is at the forefront of using state-of-the-art technology for mobile gaming. In 2017 the company passed the threshold for being classified as a unicorn, i.e., a start-up valued at more than USD 1 billion. A large part of this success can be credited to an extreme product and technology focus coupled with effective and data-driven marketing. Technology development is conducted in Sweden, while operations are based in Malta. LeoVegas offers casino, live casino and sports betting, and operates two global and scalable brands – LeoVegas and Royal Panda – as well as a local, multibrand operator collectively referred to as Rocket X. The company’s shares are listed on Nasdaq Stockholm. For more about LeoVegas, visit

Source: European Gaming Media and Events

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